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Within the Babylon, in blog post-Talmudic Geonic months,

Zemah ben Paltoi, Gaon of Pumbedita (872–890), “calls upon a man to flog his wife if she is guilty of assault.” Rabbi Yehudai b. Nahman (Yehudai Gaon, 757–761) writes that: “…when her husband enters the house, she must rise and cannot sit down until he sits, and she should never raise her voice against https://brightwomen.net/fi/bulgarialaiset-naiset/ her husband. Even if he hits her she has to remain silent, because that is how chaste women behave” (Ozar ha-Ge’onim, Ketubbot 169–170). The ninth-century Gaon of Sura, Sar Shalom b. Boaz (d. c. 859 or 864), distinguishes between an assault on a woman by her husband and an assault on her by a stranger. The Gaon of Sura’s opinion was that the husband’s assault on his wife was less severe, since the husband has authority over his wife (Ozar ha-Ge’onim, Bava Kamma, ).

A typical example of a great rabbi whom realized one to Maimonides’s terms and conditions warranted beating your spouse to possess a “good” trigger are Roentgen

When you look at the Muslim The country of spain, R. Their ideas into the the brand new domineering lady would be the fact she will be able to become hit in acquisition to teach their unique. He produces in his guide Ben Mishlei: “Hit your lady instead of concern if she attempts to dominate you for example men and you can raises their particular direct [too much]. Cannot, my personal child, not be your wife’s wife, when you find yourself your wife is her partner’s partner!” Hidden his conditions is that the ideal woman is certainly one just who was subservient; brand new crappy woman is but one who is disputatious.

In the following period, known as that of the “ Rabbinic authorities/halakhic decisors/ biblical commentators of the mid-11 th to mid-15 th c.. The period of the rishonim followed that of the geonim and preceded that of the a h aronim. Rishonim ,” Moses ben Maimon (Rambam), b. Spain, 1138 Maimonides (1135–1204) recommends in his Code, the Mishneh Torah she-bi-khetav : Lit. “the written Torah.” The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia) Torah , that beating a bad wife is an acceptable form of discipline: “A wife who refuses to perform any kind of work that she is obligated to do, may be compelled to perform it, even by scourging her with a rod” (Isshut ). Some rabbis, such as Shem Tov b. Abraham ibn Gaon (d. Safed, 1312), in his commentary Migdal Oz on Maimonides, understand the referent to be the rabbinic court (beit din), since the word “force” (kofin) is in the plural, rather than the singular. However, most commentators concur that Maimonides means that it is the “husband” who can force her. R. Vidal Yom Tov of Tolosa, the well-known fourteenth-century interpreter of Maimonides’s Mishneh Torah, writes in the Maggid Mishneh that “Nahmanides wrote that we force her with a stick and it is also the view of Rabbenu (i.e., Maimonides) and the major rabbis.” It should be noted that Maimonides was most liberal in grounds for divorce, allowing sexual incompatibility, “me’is alai” (lit. “He is repulsive to me”) as grounds (cf. also Ket. 63b).

Samuel ha-Nagid (936–1056) was one of the first sages in order to recommend the brand new husband in order to defeat his dominating spouse to make certain that she stay-in their own place

Jonah ben Abraham Gerondi (c. 1200–1263), which recognized the theory that a spouse can get overcome their partner if the she transgresses: “Men ought not to overcome his next-door neighbor. . The person just who beats their next-door neighbor transgresses a couple negative precepts. And thus it is towards man which beats their partner. The guy transgresses a couple of negative precepts, in the event the he failed to struck their particular so you’re able to reprove their unique for some transgression” [focus mine] (Iggeret Teshuvah, Constantinople, 1548). Therefore R. Jonah differentiates ranging from partner physical violence and you may complete stranger assault. You can only physical violence an individual’s spouse in the event that warranted, however, it’s possible to never assault one’s feminine neighbor.

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